Yulianto
 

IMPROVING PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP FOR TOURISM MANAGEMENT IN A NATIONAL PARK

(CASE STUDY IN BROMO TENGGER SEMERUAND ALAS PURWO NATIONAL PARK AND LESSON LEARNED FROMNIKKO NATIONAL PARK)

 (2010)

Oleh : Yulianto

            One of the national park duties is to promote tourism activities. Nevertheless, national parks face many obstacles in finance, human resources, infrastructure provision, attraction creation and marketing strategies. Hence, Public-private Partnership (PPP) becomes necessary in order to improve tourism management. APNP and BTSNP still face some obstacles in order to improve their PPP. However, it is very few studies concerning with these problems. Furthermore, the study is addressed to give recommendations for improving PPP implementation in ANPNP and BTSNP. Data are collected by field observation, interview and secondary data. This study is qualitative research which used description and comparison method. Based on the finding, PPP could gain management efficiency, local community empowerment, and ‘Value for money.” Besides that, there are some obstacles of partnership in APNP and BTSNP, such as lack of equal position among stakeholders, no financial risk sharing, and accountability deficiency. As result, PPP is not yet a core tourism strategy of APNP and BTSNP. Hereby, it is proposed some recommendations for improving PPP in APNP and BTSNP. First, it is necessary to delegate the permit authority from the MOF to the national parks in order to pursue efficiency. Second, tourist objects should be improved by offering innovative and various attractions. Third, the concept of Kyukamura and National Park Foundation can be adopted by APNP and BTSNP. Fourth, they are supposed to promote their tourist objects using a Website and printed media. Fifth, they should promote accountability and trust between stakeholders. Finally, ANPNP and BTSNP should mitigate environmental impacts from tourism activities

 

 

Key words: National park, PPP, innovative attraction, and efficiency management



Mahasiswa Double Degree ITB – Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS) Jepang


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